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2016年江西教师招聘考试真题《小学英语》及答案

2016年江西教师招聘考试真题《小学英语》
及答案解析
 
第一部分 客观题
Ⅰ. Vocabulary and structure (Questions 1 to 20) (10分,每小题5分)
1. The sounds/praiz/should match the word ______.
A. prize                         B. praise                     C. price                         D. piece
2. ______ the development of science and human civilization, many formerly unimaginable things come into reality.
A. By                            B. With                       C. For                           D. One
3. —The idea of building an online bookstore with millions of titles was very ______ to me.
   —Yeah, I hope you can follow your heart to go for it.
A. Kind                         B. Exciting                  C. Excited                     D. Happy
4. As I ______, my son learned to speak English fluently before the school year was over.
A. had expected             B. was expecting         C. would expect             D. Expected
5. —You didn’t answer when I called you yesterday.
   —On, I ______ my favorite TV program Running Man.
A. an watching               B. had watched           C. watched     D. was watching
6. By recycling textbooks, the cost of the books will be reduced greatly, and there is no doubt that it will unload some ______ of the families and students.
A. budget                      B. buffet                     C. boom                        D. burden
7. Today we have chat rooms, text messaging, emailing... but we seem ______ the art of communicating face-to-face.
A. losing                        B. to be losing             C. to be lost                   D. having lost
8. —Many young people are crazy about the Korean TV series Descendants of the Sun recently.
   —Exactly. The series is ______ one this year.
A. less popular               B. popular                   C. the most popular        D. the least popular
9. Sometimes the children just ______ have someone with the patience and willingness to lend an ear and spare a little of their time.
A. may                          B. must                      C. can                           D. need
10. —Do you mind if I record your lecture?
—______. Go ahead.
A. Never mind                                                B. No, you’d better not
C. Not at all                                                    D. No way
11. —When did you decide to be a teacher?
—Let’s see. I am twenty, and I ______ to be one since ten years ago.
A. have wanted             B. wanted                   C. had been wanting       D. was wanting
12. This is the website ______ I intend to add to my favorites to help me learn how to teach.
A. where                      B. what                      C. which                       D. why
13. British people say “please” and “thank you” all the time ______ some people in Asia may think it unnecessary.
A. while                        B. when                     C. until                          D. since
14. Not until some students failed the exam ______ how much time they had wasted.
A. they realized    B. did they realize   
 C. did't they realize  D. they did't realize
15. It is the soul singer Adele and her songs(  )the students often talk about in their spare time.
A. who  B. how  C. where  D. that
16.—This book on idioms is interesting. I'd like (  ). Where did you buy it, Simon?
A. it    B. this    C. that    D. one
17.AS can be seen, the central government is sparing no pains to(  ) the officals' overuse of power to make a healthier party.
A. keep down   B. keep out     C. keep off   D. keep up
18.I didn't understand(   ),so I raised my had to ask.
A. what my teacher says     B. what does my teacher says
C. what my teacher said      D. what did my teacher say
19. The 31st Summer Olympics(   ) in rio de Janeiro , Brazil from August 5 to 21, 2016.
A. hold    B. will    C. have been held   D. will hold
20. —Our flight is boarding now .We'll have to part.
    —Don't fell blue (  )
A. All that glitters is not gold    B. All roads lead to Rome
C. All good things come to an end   D. All things are difficult before they are easy
Ⅱ.Cloze(Questions 21 to 30)(10分,每小题1分)
The survey about childhood in the third shows that the struggle for survivals long and hard .But in the rich world. children can suffer from a different kind of poverty of the spirit.(  ),one Western country alone now sees 14,000 attempted suicides(自杀)every year by children under 15,and one child in five needs psychiatric(心理)advice.
    There are many good things about(  )in the Third World. Take to close and constant relation between children and their parent, relatives and neighbors for example. In the West, the very nature of work puts distance between (  ) and children. But in the most Third World villages mother and father do not go mikes away each day to work in offices. (  ),the child sees mother and father, relatives and neighbors working nearby and often shares in that work.
   A child(  )in this way learns his or her role through joining in the community’s work; helping to dig or build,look after animals or babies - rather than through playing with water and sand in kindergarten, keeping pets (  )playing with dools.
These children may grow up with a less oppressive sense of space and time than the western children. Their sense of days and time has a lot to do with the change of seasons and positions of the sun or the moon in the sky. Children in the rich world, on the other hand, are with their parents about being late for school times, meal times, bed times, the times of TV shows.
The Third World children do not usually(  )to stay indoors, still less in highrise apartment(公寓). Instead of dangerous roads, “keep off the grass” sign and |”don’t speak to strangers”, there is often a sense of freedom to study and play. Parents can see their children outside rather than observe them(  )from ten floors up.
Of course, twelve million children under five still die every year through hunger and disease. But children in the Third World is not all bad.
21.A.As usual     B. For instance  C. In fact      D. In other words
22.A .children    B. Poverty       C. spirit    D. survival
23..A. relatives  B. father         C. neighbors   D. adults
24.A. Anyhow    B. However       C. Instead    D. Still
25.A. growing up  B. Living through C. playing    D. working
26.A. and       B. but        C. or      D. so
27.A. easiest    B .earliest      C. happiest   D. quickest
28.A. Worry    B. fear       C. hurry    D. care
29.A. dare     B. expect      C. have     D. require
30.A. anxiously  B. eagerly     C. angrily    D. proudly

3. Reading comprehension(question 31 to 45)(30分,每小题2分)
                              A 
    That year, in the local school, there was a new math teacher, as well as some new pupils. One of the new kids was the stupidest child that anyone had ever seen. It made no difference how quickly or how slowly they tired explaining numbers to him; he would always and up saying something enormously stupid. Like two plus two was five, seven times three was twenty- seven, or a triangle had thirty corners, etc.
    Before this boy arrived, math lessons had been the most boring of all. Now they were great fun. Encouraged by the new teacher, the children would listen to the pieces of nonsense spouted by the new kids, and they would have to correct his mistakes.
   Whenever the new teacher asked questions, the stupid kid would stand up but made the wrong answers, the other students all wanted to be the first to find his mistakes, and then think up the most original ways to explain them. To do this they used all kinds of stuff; sweets, playing cards, oranges, paper planes, etc. It didn’t seen like any of this bothered the new kid.
    However,little Lewis was sure that it was bound to make him feel sad inside. Lewis was sure he would see him crying. So, one day, he decides to follow the new kid home after school. One leaving school, the new kid walked a few minutes to a local park, and there he waited for a while, until someone came along to meet him.
   It was the new teacher!
   The teacher gave the new kid a hug, and off they went, hand in hand. Following from a distance, Lewis could hear they were talking about math.
31. The math lessons became interesting because of the new teacher’s(  ).
A. Creativity  B. Imagination  C. Responsibility   D. Curiosity 
32. What does the passage imply?(  ).
A. The stupid student was not good at math.
B. The stupid student was by no means slow in math.
C. The stupid students had no gift for math and was slow in math.
D. The stupid student dislike both the new math teacher and his lessons.
33. Why did Lewis follow the stupid kid?
A. He wanted to0 learn about where he lives.
B. He wanted to find out if he felt upset.
C. He wanted to say something to comfort him.
D. He wanted to make friends with him.
34. What does the underlined word ”this” in the third paragraph refer to?
A. To find the new kid’s mistakes.
B. To think up the most original way to explain,
C. To use all kind of stuff.
D. To follow him home after school.
35. What would be the best title foe the passage?
A. The learning Method              B. The stupidest Child
C. The New Teacher’s strategy         D. The challenging Job
                                   B
    A proverb from ancient China was widely spread in the west; if you want to be happy for a few hours, go to get drunk; if you want the happiness to last three years, get married; if you want a lifetime happiness,take up gardening. The reason for the last choices is this: gardening is not only useful, it helps you to identify yourself with nature, and thus brings you new joy each day besides improving your health.
   A research for a US university that I have read gives a definition of happiness as what makes a person feel comfortable pleased. To put it simply, happiness is an active state of mind where one thinks one’s life is meaningful, satisfactory and comfortable. This should be something lasting rather than temporary.
    Lots of people regard it the happiest to be at leisure. But according to the study, it is not a person with plenty of leisure but one at work that feels happy, especially those busy with work having little time for leisure. Happiness does not spell gains which one is after but a desire to harvest what one is seeking for. People often do not cherish what they already have but yearn(渴望) for what they can not get. That is somewhat like a man indulging(沉湎于) in dreams of numerous lovers while unwilling to settle down with the woman beside him. 
    Happiness is a game balancing between two ends---what one has and what one wishes for. E.g. One’s dream and the possibility to realize it. The study comes to this conclusion. A happy man is one who aims high but never forgets his actual situation: one who meets challenges that tap his ability and potential; one who is proud of his achievements. He has self-respect and self-confidence; treasures his own identity and loves freedom. He is sociable and enjoys wide-range communication with others; he is helpful and ready to accept assistance, he knows he is able to bear suffering and frustrations, he is sensible enough to get fun from daily chores(杂事). He is a man capable of love and passion.
36. According to the passage, gardening can bring lifelong happiness because ().
A. It is a profitable business.
B. It can strengthen a garden’s ability to remark nature.
C. A garden can enjoy a very happy marriage.
D. Nature is a source of joy forever.
37. The research of the US university found that most people feel happy when they ().
A. Are after their goals
B. Work as gardeners
C. Are at leisure
D. Have great leisure.
38. The author mentions a man indulging in dreams of numerous lovers in order to ().
A.show the serious problem in marriage in modern society
B. Illustrate an extreme way to achieve happiness
C.criticize.those who do not cherish what they already have
D.indicate that happiness involves something beside the desire to gain
39. Who is more likely to be unhappy according to the study?
A. The man who is ambitious regardless of his actual situation.
B. The one who has self-esteem and has confidence in himself.
C. The one who can take pleasure in communicating with others.
D. The one who always helps others and also accepts help from others.
40. From the passage we know that happiness is ().
A. A transitory state of mind.
B. Getting everything what one is eager for.
C. A desire based on our actual situation.
D. An all-working and no-leisure life.
                                 C
   Three years ago I listened to a lecture in cognition(认知) thatchanged the way I think about intelligence. There are two types of cognition. The first is normal cognition: the ability to regain knowledge from memory. The second type of cognition is metacognition: the ability to know whether or not you know.
   Does this affect intelligent? In traditional education, intelligent is measured by cognitive ability. Some people can easily produce everything they know on a test. But others are awarded with poor grades considered inferior, but does this inability make them any less intelligent? If the question came up in a task, they could refer to a book or quick Google search. In reality, they’re just as effective as the people that ace a test. They just can’t prove it as easily.
   Metacognition is more important to success than cognition. A person with poor cognitive ability, but great metacognition ability might do poorly in school, but when faced with a challenge, they understand their abilities and take the best of action. For example, when face with a question, a person with strong metacognition ability will deal with it like this. If he knows for sure that the answer, but can’t come up with it, he can always do a bit of research, if he knows for sure start education himself. Metacognition is more important to success than cognition. These people might not seem intelligent at first glance, but because they know what they know, they make better decisions and learn the most important things.
    However, people with great cognitive ability but poor metacognition ability he considered excellent at a young age for acting every test and getting great scores. Unfortunately, they know everything but they don’t. They are arrogant(overconfident), fail to learn from mistakes, and don’t understand the slight difference of personal relationship, showing disregard for persons with lower cognitive ability. They may make the worst decision.
    The most important mental power is the ability to know that you don’t know.. The recognition of a fault is the first step to improvement. Don’t try to hide a lack of knowledge. For intelligent people this is the toughest lesson to learn.
41. People with great cognitive ability tend to ().
A.do well in tests
B.To be considered inferior
C.Be more effective than others
D.Do research when faced with task
42. The underlined phrase” take the best course of(www.jsw123.cn) action” probably mean,().
A. Stating education himself
B. Taking action during the course
C. Making the right decision
D. Coming up with many ideas
43. People with poor metacognition may met succeed because they().
A. Lack basic normal values
B. Have improper self evaluation
C. Like to communicate with others
D. Show respect for others
44. The author probably supports the idea that ().
A.intelligent is measured by cognitive ability
B.Cognition is the most important mental power
C.The toughest lesson is to distinguish wish the two types of cognition
D.The awareness of one’s ignorance contributes to one’s improvement
45. Which is TRUE according to the passage?
A. The people with great cognitive ability are hard to learn from mistake.
B. The people with great cognitive ability usually do poor in school.
C. The people with great cognitive ability always get great scores at a young age.
D. The people with great cognitive ability but poor metacognitive ability might make the worst decision.
第二部分  主观题
一、书面表达
【写作材料】
      实现有效的沟通,建立良好人际关系,不仅要善于言表,更要学会倾听,请根据下面思维导图所提供的信息,写一篇为“being a good listener”的英语演讲稿。
提示:1对所有给药店逐一陈述,适当发挥:
   2词数100字左右。开头和结尾已经写好,不计入总词数:
   3演讲稿中不得提及考试所在学校及本人姓名。
Good aftermoon everyone!
The topic of my speech today is “Being a good listener”.
Thank you for your listening!
Being a Good listener
Why shou respect     premote undersranding  Improve relationship
Who parents shuold listen to their children       
teacher shuold listen to their students
Shudents should listen to their classmates
     How......
二、简述题(10分)
1.在义务教育阶段开设英语课程对青少年的未来发展有何重要意义?
2.在英语课堂教学中对教师的语言有哪些要求?
三、案例分析题
【案例分析材料】
【案例1】教师正在教学一般过去式was和were的句型。
T:Now look at the picture. Where is the camera?
S:it’s on the desk.

T:Where was it a moment ago?
S:it was in the bookcase a moment ago.
.....
(突然,“ ”的一声,一位学生不小心把文具盒掉在地上,全班学生目光都投向声响处,他们禁不住拍着胸脯说:“吓死了!吓死了!”原来安静的课堂热闹了起来。教师看着那名学生非常生气。忍不住斥责了几句。然后教师花了好大一会功夫才让课堂回复平静,继续节奏刚才的话题展开教学。)
【案例2】教师正在用句型“Which season da you like best?”Why ?和学生ask and answer,学生纷纷举手发表自己的见解。可当教师问:”do you like sunmmer ?”时,发言的学生要么回答“no,i don’t.” 要么回答“It’s too hot.”,要么回答“there are too many insects.”。发言的人中没有一个人喜欢夏日的。教师继续问:“Who like summer?”(只有一人举手)教师并未立即让他回答,而是不急不慢地转向其他学生:“oh I see, Bbt ***likes summer very much .Why does he like summer? Please guess”接下来有学生积极回答:“Perhaps he can swin in summer.” “Perhaps he can catch insects in sunmmer .”教师此时转向那位学生问:“Why da you like summer best?”***“Because there’s a long holiday in summer. I can swim in the pool .I can catch grasshoppers in the grass. I also can see the rainbow in summer.”学生发言精彩极了。
【案例3】The stoy of rain 阅读材料涉及到自然现象——降水的过程,此时也出现了单纯rain. cloud. sun. vapour . stream等,还有句型It comes from the clouds.教师这样设计:(多媒体呈现下雨的情境,运动着的雨滴吸引了学生的注意力。)T:What’s this? What color is it?Ss....T:Where does the tain come from? Ss:It comes from the sky . It comes from the cloud.(多媒体展示水蒸气上升聚结成云。)T:Where does the cloud come from? Ss.......
【问题】请根据以上三个案例的描述,先判断这三个教学案例活动是否合理,并进行分析,如有不合理之处,请给予建议。

四、教学设计(15分)
【阅读材料】
请根据人民教育出版社《义务教育教科书(三年级)》六年级上册Unit4 I have a pen pal Part B Let's talk 内容,按照要求下列教学设计任务。
Lte's talk
John: Hey. Yifan. What are you doing?
Wu yifan: I'm writing an email to new pen pal in Australia
John: Does he live in Sydney
Wu yifan: Do. He doesn't. He lives in Canberra. His name is John ,too.
John: Really? Does he like doing word puzzles and going hiking?
Wu yifan: Yes, he dose
John: Amazing! I like those tool can I also be his pen pal?
Wu yifan: Sure . Why not?
John: Cool!
What do the two Johns like?
【问题】
1.请根据教学内容确定本科时的言语技能目标。(4分)
2.请设计一个语言运用活动。(要求:设置一个真实语境,让学生用核心句型以小组的形式进行语言交际训练。)(8分)
3.设计本课时板书。(3分)
 
 
答案
1-5ABCAD  6-10ABCDC  11-15ACABD  16-20AACBC
21-25BADCA 26-30CBDCA
31-35ABBCC 36-40CADAC  41-45ACBDD
书面表达
Good afternoon, everyone
The topic of my speech today is "Being a good listenner ".And Ilike to being with the reason why we should be a good listenner .Good listening can always show respect ,promote understanding, and improver interpersonal relationship .Many people suggest that parents should listen more to their children ,so they will understand them better, and find it easy to narrow the generation gap; teachers should listen more to their students ,then they can meet their needs better ,and place themselves in a good relationship with their students; students should listen more to their classmates ,thus they will help and learn from each other, and a friendship is likely to be formed

What I want to stress is that each of us should listen more to other, Show your respect and never stop others till they finish their talk; show you are interested by a supportive silence or a knowing smile; be open-minded to different opinions even though you don't like them ,In a word ,good listening can really enable us to get closer to each other 
Thank you for your listening 

简答题
1.在义务教育阶段开设新课程,对青少年未来的发展有何意义?
在义务教育阶段开设英语课程对青少年未来的发挥具有重要意义。学习英语不仅有利于他们更好的了解世界,学习先进的科学文化知识,传播中国文化,增进与各国青少年的相互沟通和理解,还能为青少年提供更多的接受教育的选择和职业发展机会。学习英语能帮助他们形成开放包容的性格,发展跨文化交流的意识与能力,促进思维发展,形成正确的价值观和良好的人文素养。学习英语能够为学生未来参与知识创新和科技创新储备能力,也能为他们未来更好的适应世界的多极化、经济的全球化、社会的信息奠定基础。
2.在英语课堂教学中,对教师的言语有哪些要求?
(1)英语课堂具有高度的准确性。英语教学不同于语文教学,汉语使学生的母语,学生在正式学习语文学科之前,已获得了五六年的言语训练,而且可以说是耳濡目染,这样学起来可能的心用手。但英语学习不同于,大多数教学生在学习之前,对其认识几乎为零,个别学生也知识拥有粗浅的基础—几个简单的口语、几个单词、况且,大多数学生在日常生活中很少接触英文。以上种种原因,注定了英语教师的课堂言语必须准确,无论是在语音、语调,还是语法习惯等方面都能成为学生学习英语的范例。
(2)英语课堂言语具有可能接受性。英语教师良好的英语素养是为学生学习英语服务的,应通过师生的努力,使学生逐渐具备英语的能力。英语课堂上教师言语是否有效的一个指标是学生能否听懂。学生听不懂,在精彩的语言也是无效的,所以,在英语教学过程中,英语教师要考虑到自己语言的可接受性。
(3)英语课堂语言具有情景交流性。任何语言都是交流的工具,而交流总是在一定的情景中进行的。那么英语课堂语言就要注重这种有利于的情境创设了。在英语中,英语教师就应从各方面去利用和创设社会语言环境。比如,用师生的态度创设情境;用实物或图片来创设情境;在英语入门阶段的教学中,用实物和图片创设生动形象的情景;用现代的手段来创设情境,如使用绿灯、幻灯片、电视、语言教室和多媒体辅助教学。当学生有一定的原因能力时,英语教师应在精选话题的基础上,用描述代替实物、图片来创设语言环境;用来表演体会情境,结合课文教学功能项目,布置交流任务,让学生在一定的情景中表演。
案例分析题
1.案例一中该老师的做法有欠妥当,因为学生是不小心把文具盒掉地上,不是故意为之,所然引起了骚乱,但是不是该学生的本意。因此老师不应该多这个学生进行训斥。可以利用这个文具盒的位置然学生的注意力重新集中在老师的身上,老师可以以一句话“Where was the pencil box a moment ago?”这样的一个问题就可以把学生继续带入课堂。课堂上不可回避会发生的一些突发情况,作为老师必须先组织课堂的正常秩序,而不应该先去训斥学生
2.案例二中的老师设计的教学活动也有不妥之处。老师一步步启发学生思考,这点做的很好,但是当老师问有喜欢夏天?一个学生举手起来。老师就应该先让举手的学生发言,畅谈他的感受,但是这个老师没有这么做,她先让其他不喜欢夏天的学生猜测这个学生喜欢夏天的原因,等其他同学都说完了,再让这个学生说。这样安排会令其他学生的相会影响到这个学生,是这个学生失去自己的看法。似乎这个学生只做一个工作,而并没有真正发挥自己的主观能动性。所以该老师这种迂回的方式有欠妥当
3.案例三中该老师的设计比较合理,通过多媒体的形式向学生展示下雨的过程,比较形象直观,运用了情景教学大,并且老师进一步去发学生的思考,不断提出有小问题,让学生回答,一步步引入今天的课题。该老师的设计是比较合理的。
教案设计
Unit4 I have a pen pal 
Teaching aims:
Ability aims:
(1)The students can the ability of describing people's hobbies
(2)The students can learn how to communicate with the new word and sentence pattern
3.Production 
 Students talk out their pencil and paper, draw their best friend's hobby, and then work in groups to introduce their best friend's hobbies to members in the group ,Choose two representatives to introduce the hobbies to the whole class
3.Blackboard design
Unit4 I have a pen pal 
What's your hobby?    I like ... ...collecting stamps
            playing football
            drawing pictures


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